Bloomberg News reports that a measure of the US profit margins has attained the widest since the 1950s, implying that the prices that businesses have charged surpass the increased production cost and labor. It was found that for non-financial corporations, a share of the gross value was added to after-tax profits. This is a measure of aggregate profit margins, which manifested improvement in the second quarter to about 15.5%, the most since 1950, which was earlier 14% in the first quarter, according to the figures published on Thursday by the Commerce Department. Making Money The data also indicates that companies have successfully passed on their escalating labor and material costs to consumers. With households' budgets reducing due to the surging living cost, many companies have offset any slide in demand by charging more from those customers they have managed to retain. However, other firms like Target Corp have observed that their inventories have multiplied, because of which they were compelled to offer customers discounted prices to clear them. The rise in profits during the pandemic has given rise to a debate about whether the companies engaged in price gouging have been carrying a share of the blame for the escalating inflation. This argument has been pushed even by President Joe Biden's Democrats. However, a greater number of economists are skeptical about the same. Bloomberg News reports that US inflation has risen in the current year and stayed at 8.5% in July, which is not far short of the earlier month’s four-decade high. Officials of the Federal Reserve have marked rising wages as one of the big risks that might have been keeping inflation entrenched. However, some economists believe that high-profit margins imply there is room for business entities to accommodate workers' demand for a better wage without the need to set off a wage-price spiral. Turning Tide Biden and his allies have singled out the energy sector that posted blowout profits this year due to criticism for price gouging. Across the economy, there was an increase of 6.1% in the adjusted pretax corporate profits between April and June compared to the earlier quarter, which is the fastest pace in one year, after it dropped 2.2% during the first three months of the current year. Profits are now up by 8.1% in contrast to a year earlier. While the companies have been reporting the individual profits based on historical prices, the government has adjusted the figures to reflect the present cost of replacing the capital stock like structure and equipment. Due to escalating inflation, the current replacement costs have skyrocketed. Further Reading \t An Upbeat Outlook helps Cisco after an ease in Chip Supply Shortages \t How to Choose the Right Home Warranty Plan? \t What Services to Look for in a Business Improvement Consultant?