Soil erosion, a naturally occurring process that has affected all types of landforms. It is a gradual procedure that has resulted in the enormous impact of the wind along with the water detaches as well as removes the various levels of soil particles. This has ultimately caused the soil to deteriorate. The impact of soil erosion has led to a gruesome impact on the quality of water. It has resulted in massive levels of soil surface runoff. Sediment levels of production along with the soil erosion have been closely related terms.
Soil degradation is considered to be a decline in the soil condition that has resulted in improper levels of management. It has found its utility levels in terms of agricultural, industrial as well as urban purposes. Soil degradation is considered to be a serious environmental problem. One needs to avoid soil degradation since it has massively impacted the well-being of life. Therefore the government along with the people should try and come forward to implement effective measures to curb the massive levels of soil erosion and soil degradation.
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Manifold Repercussions of soil erosion
The effects of soil erosion have caused manifold repercussions. It has gone beyond the impact it has on the fertile land. It has resulted in ensuring the increasing levels of pollution along with sedimentation in the streams as well as rivers. Erosion of soils clogged the waterways as well as managed to cause severe levels of decline in the fish along with the other variety of species. The degraded lands have resulted in holding less amount of water which has resulted in floods. In extreme cases, there have been severe levels of reduction. It has also led to the loss of soil nutrients as well as soil degradation. In extreme cases, massive amounts of desertification, deforestation soil erosion could also be observed.
Soil erosion increases the number of dust particles that wind carries in the atmosphere. It not only acts as an abrasive but also as an air pollutant. It carries various types of 20 human infectious disease organisms composed of tuberculosis and anthrax. The estimation of soil erosion damage is $400 billion per year.
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Soil erosion is the resultant of the wearing away of the topsoil. It has been caused by its natural physical processes of water as well as the wind. It is a resultant of the forces that have been associated with farming activities such as tillage.
Major Determinants of Soil Erosion
Running water has been the major cause of determinant to cause soil erosion. The abundance of water has a lot of power. It has resulted in causing the soil to erode. The wind is also a major determining cause of soil erosion. The reason being winds tend to pick up the soil and blow it away. Activities that have managed to remove vegetation manage to disturb the ground. It also should allow the ground to dry which proves to be a prime determining factor. These are responsible for erosion.